Geology and Geothermal Activity in New Zealand

New Zealand does not lack in the geology and natural landscape department. From glaciers to fjords, tall mountains and flat, vast plains, you will find what you’re looking for, regarding Mother Nature’s best work. Don’t forget the volcanoes, beaches, and tropical forests.

The North Island has, what is known as a spine of mountains, that runs almost entirely down the centre, with farms and plains on either side. The centre of the North Island is consumed by the Volcanic Plateau, which is an active volcano, surrounded by thermal land.

The South Island is known best for the Southern Alps, which form the core of this island. The South Island also features the agriculturally rich Otago farmland, and Southland, as well as the Canterbury Plains.

So where did all of this start? It has been discovered, and documented, that the oldest rocks in New Zealand date back over 500 million years. They made up Gondwanaland, which was a giant supercontinent that broke up over 160 million years ago, and New Zealand separated over 85 million years ago. Currently, New Zealand actually sits on two of the Earth’s fifteen tectonic plates; both the Pacific and the Australian. Given that these two plates are almost always shifting, there is a lot of geological action in New Zealand. This includes the fantastic geothermal hot springs which supply electricity and heating. For those seeking to explore the best of the geothermal action, visit Rotura, as it is the central spot for this activity. Rotura features mud pools and geysers, as well as hot springs, and a smell that is unlike anything else, leading to its name of Sulphur City. Traditionally, these thermal springs were used by the Maori people for bathing and cooking.

The geothermal activity and the geology of New Zealand are indeed one of a kind.